Dr Damien Lockie, Director of Clean Energy Research, Institute for Law, Government and Policy, reports on the observed changes in the climate system and impacts on atmosphere, ocean and sea levels, the cryosphere and projections for the future. Click the link below to view the PowerPoint slides.
By DR DARREN O’DONOVAN, Director, Open Society Justice Initiative Partnership, Institute for Law, Government and Policy, and KATE BYSTER-BOWLES, CHANTAL McNAUGHT and AMELIA RICHARDSON, Bond Law.
The first of the Institute’s working paper series is out. As a teaser, here’s an extract on the issues surrounding various obligations owed to migrants by home-states, with a link to the report included below.
This Report argues for greater co-ordinated action within international human rights institutions to encourage diplomatic protection as a supplementary mode of human rights implementation and enforcement. This report underlines that diplomatic protection involves more than basic consular assistance, but rather can be broadly defined as any action taken by a State in response to internationally wrongful acts against its nationals while abroad. This includes a traditional category of action – underappreciated within international human rights law – the espousal of claims, whereby a home state can take action for redress, political, administrative or legal, on behalf of its citizen. While the international bill of human rights, in protecting the individual rather than the citizen, purports to offer migrants equal rights as nationals, it is simply a reality that migrants continue to lack accessible and effective mechanism for remedying violations of their rights at international level. Diplomatic Protection represents one of the ways in which states can ensure the effective implementation of Treaty commitments they are parties to, in particular it bears upon the obligation to co-operate with other States to prevent violations and the individual’s right to an effective remedy. This Report considers whether the long established discretion of home state governments to take action can, in certain circumstances, be construed as an obligation to take action.
To view the full report, click this link:
© Institute for Law, Government and Policy 2013
The concept of ‘governance’ is steeped in the origins of human civilization and in its simplest form is about the decision-making process and the process by which decisions are, or are not implemented. It can be noted that the concept of governance is often discussed in various contexts including corporate, international, national and local governance.
UNESCAP outlines the eight, major characteristics of good governance as: participatory, consensus oriented, accountable, transparent, responsive, effective and efficient, equitable and inclusive and follows the rule of law. Good governance aims to minimise corruption and take into account the views of society’s minorities and vulnerable, in order to ensure it responds to society’s current and future needs.
While may be challenging to achieve good governance in its totality, striving to achieve the ideal of good governance will help ensure sustainable human development for the future.